Clinical Pearls – Toxins and Antidotes

Toxin

Antidote

Acetaminophen

N‐acetylcysteine

Benzodiazepines

Flumazenil

Beta blockers

Glucagon

Cyanide

Nitrites/hydroxocobalamin

Digoxin

Digoxin immune Fab

Ethylene glycol/methanol

Fomepizole/ethanol

Iron

Deferoxamine

Opioids

Naloxone

Organophosphates

Atropine/pralidoxime

Salicylates

Sodium bicarbonate

Tricyclic antidepressants

Sodium bicarbonate